"The Taste for Layered Bread among the Nomadic Turks and the Central Asian Origins of Baklava", in, Tietze, Türkisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, Band I, Ankara/Wien, Э.В. The Bulgarian version of the pastry, locally called byurek (Cyrillic: бюрек), is typically regarded as a variation of banitsa (баница), a similar Bulgarian dish. It's filled with Turkish white cheese, similar to Feta, and uses ready yufka sheets. For example, Salty cheese (Bulgarian cheese)-filled as well as Tzfat cheese (from the city of Safed) with Za'atar-filled bourekas are usually somewhat flat triangles with white sesame seeds on top. It comes in many shapes and sizes and is filled with everything from meat, cheese, spinach, and even spiced-up mashed potato. [9] Turkic languages in Arabic orthography, however, invariably write ك and not ق which rules out "bur-" which has a backed vowel /u/ at its core. This dish can be made ahead and it freezes beautifully. Smoked cheese is produced in the areas surrounding Duzce and Hendek in the Marmara region of Turkey. Another related dish is Fli, typical from the North of Albania and Kosovo. The final form can be small, individual triangles, especially from street vendors called 'Byrektore' which sell byrek and other traditional pastries and drinks. Add the garlic and spinach and sauté 1-2 … Ready in an hour and a perfect recipe for entertaining. Make spinach filling. This helps to soften the top layer. He explained the controversy as a good example of the conclusions of the student. Börek may have its origins in Turkish cuisine and may be one of its most significant and, in fact, ancient elements of the Turkish cuisine, having been developed by the Turks of Central Asia before their westward migration to Anatolia in the late Middle Ages,[2][3] or it may be a descendant of the pre-existing Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Anatolian dish en tyritas plakountas (Byzantine Greek: εν τυρίτας πλακούντας) "cheesy placenta", itself a descendant of placenta, the classical baked layered dough and cheese dish of Ancient Roman cuisine. [21] It's almost identical in name and form to pirozhki (Russian: пирожки), which is of Slavic origin, and popular in Russia and further east. Most Turkish folks eat 'börek' several times a week. In the former Yugoslavia, burek, also known as pita in Bosnia and Herzegovina exclusively, is an extremely common dish, made with yufka and the Bosnian variant is arguably the most regionally prominent. Borek could also be prepared in different shapes - layered pie, individual squares, "cigars", or triangles. The Pontian Greek piroski (πιροσκί) derives its name from börek too. Next, take the first sheet of yufka and place it in an uneven, wrinkly fashion to cover the bottom of the tray. Drizzle a spoonful or two of the milk mixture over the bottom. Börek (Turkish pronunciation: [bœˈɾec]; also burek and other variants) is a family of baked filled pastries made of a thin flaky dough such as phyllo or yufka, typically filled with meat. So it might be good chance to surprise them and help them get … Bean sprout-filled are cylindrical without seeds. [28] A publication of a diploma thesis on this at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Ljubljana in 2010 stirred controversy regarding the appropriateness of the topic. FROZEN PASTRY TURKISH SU BOREK WITH CHEESE. Mushroom-filled are bulging triangles with poppy seeds. I love these tasty little cheese-filled sigara börek (shaped like cigarettes) because they’re … ", "Peter Stankovič: Burek je sofisticirana hrana", "Študentka FDV diplomirala na temo Pomeni bureka v Sloveniji", Alexander REINHARDT, Gazeta de agricultura - Credinte si traditii de Ajun si Craciun, "Photo of a plate with "ciorba de burchite, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Börek&oldid=999053457, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles needing additional references from November 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 07:34. sorrel, dandelion, scarole, catsear, etc. These delicious rolls of fresh ‘yufka’ dough filled with Turkish white cheese, similar to Feta, are good for you and your taste buds. [30] Actually, already in 2008, an employee of the Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SRC SASA) had attained his PhD degree with a thesis on meta-burek at the University of Nova Gorica.[31][32][33]. Bourekas have given their name to Bourekas films, a peculiarly Israeli genre of comic melodramas or tearjerkers based on ethnic stereotypes. This is a Turkish pastry – borek we call it. Bourekas can also be found with mashed chickpeas, tuna and chickpea mix, pumpkin and even small cocktail frankfurters. Cheese is wrapped in the pastry into a cigarette shape and deep fried for a delicious appetizer. In 2012, Lonely Planet included the Bosnian burek in their "The World's Best Street Food" book. Börek is also part of Mizrahi and Sephardic Jewish traditions. You can make it easily with yufka or phyllo sheets. The larger ones can serve as a snack or a meal, and can be sliced open, and stuffed with hard-boiled egg, pickles, tomatoes and Sahawiq, a spicy Yemenite paste. Heat the oil in a pan and sauté the onion 1-2 minutes. Let it run into the cracks and crevices and around the edges. Similar dishes, although somewhat wider and with thinner dough layers, are called savijača or just "pita" in Serbia. Supermarkets stock a wide selection of frozen raw-dough bourekas ready for home baking. When your pastry is cooked, remove the pan from oven and sprinkle one or two tablespoons of cold water over the top, then wrap the whole thing in clean butcher's paper or a clean towel. The recipe for "round" burek was developed in the Serbian town of Niš. Lakror is a specific kind of byrek from the region of Korça. [16], In Bulgarian, the word byurek has also come to be applied to other dishes similarly prepared with cheese and eggs, such as chushka byurek (чушка бюрек), a peeled and roasted pepper filled with cheese, and tikvichka byurek (тиквичка бюрек), blanched or uncooked bits of squash with eggs filling. The South Slavic cuisines also feature derivatives of the börek. Spoon about 1/6 of the milk mixture all over the yufka. This recipe is a shortcut to making classic casserole-style 'börek.' Bourekas come in small, "snack" size, often available in self-service bakeries, and sizes as large as four or five inches. Savoury borek can be filled with vegetables, cheese or meat and sweet ones with fruit and nuts. [35] They are traditionally eaten in the last day of fasting at the time of the Christmas Eve. Butter the bottom and sides of a large, oven-proof baking tray. In Romania, the food falls under the name "plăcintă" and is most often made with cheese or cheese and spinach. We chose to blend all the liquid ingredients and drizzle them over the layers of yufka. In Armenia, byorek (բյորեկ) or borek (բորեկ), consists of dough, or phyllo dough, folded into triangles and stuffed with cheese, spinach or ground beef, and the filling is typically spiced. Spinach and Feta Cheese Borek (or boerek) is a Middle Eastern dish of Turkish origin. Börek is a general Turkish term for filled pastries, related to other Mediterranean words for this delicacy: boureki (Greece), pierogi (Italy), pirochki (Russia).. Other fillings are also possible, and tomato and onion is also common. Paçanga böreği, is a speciality of the Istanbul region but equally popular elsewhere. In a big mixing bowl add water, milk, sugar, yeast and a cup of flour. In Serbian towns, Bosnian pastry dishes were imported by war refugees in the 1990s, and are usually called sarajevske pite or bosanske pite (Sarajevo pies or Bosnian pies). Sigara böreği 'cigarette börek' is a smaller, cylindrical variety is most often filled with white cheese (some call it feta but in Turkey, this name is not used) and parsley or sometimes minced meat and onion and parsley. Turn the dough into a ball and transfer back to its bowl. The most common fillings include: cheese (especially gjizë, salted curd cheese), ground meat and onions (ragù style filling), spinach and eggs, milk and eggs with pre-baked dough layers, but it can also be made with tomato and onions, peppers and beans, potato or a sweet filling of pumpkin, nettles (known as byrek me hithra),[14] kidney beans (popular in winter),[15] etc. Tatar böreği (Tatar börek) is an alternative name for the cheese and mint filled dumpling dish known as mantı.[13]. A börek may be prepared in a large pan and cut into portions after baking, or as individual pastries. In Turkey, many cooks still choose to make their own yufka sheets, especially those who live in rural areas. Bougatsa (Greek μπουγάτσα [buˈɣatsa]) is a Greek variation of a börek which consists of either semolina custard, cheese, or minced meat filling between layers of phyllo, and is said to originate in the city of Serres, an art of pastry brought with the immigrants from Constantinople and is most popular in Thessaloniki, in the Central Macedonia region of Northern Greece. In Kosovo and few other regions byrek is also known as "pite". Turkish Borek with Cheese and Herbs is the best savory pie you can ever have. Tuna-filled are bulging triangles with nigella seeds. In large cities, you can also buy vacuum-packed, fresh yufka in most supermarkets. It is perfect for who wants to cook in less amount in a short time. Galaktoboureko is a syrupy phyllo pastry filled with custard, common throughout Greece and Cyprus. But the resemblance stops there. [29] The mentor of the student that had written the thesis described the topic as legitimate and burek as denoting primitive behavior in Slovenia in spite of it being a sophisticated food. ), The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Next, stir in the milk, salt, and pepper. Serve warm after 101-5 minutes out from the oven. Often the dough is paper-thin yufka (phyllo) layered, rolled or folded around the ingredients, then baked, steamed or fried. Israeli bourekas come in several shapes and are often sprinkled with seeds. The defining characteristics of lakror is that it is made up of only two layers of pastry and traditionally cooked on embers with a metal semispherical lid. Turkish borek with cheese is very traditional, one of the savory tea time treats in Turkey. Food writer Elizabeth Taviloğlu learned Turkish cooking hands-on in Turkey where she has lived and traveled for more than 24 years. Turkish borek with cheese is very traditional, one of the savory tea time treats in Turkey. Rose borek is a flaky pastry filled with sugary rose petal paste and unsalted cheese. In Venetian Corfu, boureki was also called burriche,[20] and filled with meat and leafy greens. Traditionally it may be baked with no filling (prazan, meaning empty), with stewed minced meat and onions, or with cheese. Byrek is traditionally made with several layers of dough that have been thinly rolled out by hand. Repeat until you have five layers finished. Spinach-filled are either cylindrical with sesame seeds or made with a very delicate, oily phyllo dough shaped into round spirals. I am going to make the borek simply in a pan using fewer ingredients. By Aysegul Sanford A classic vegetarian Turkish/Middle Eastern dish: Spinach and Feta Cheese Börek made by layering phyllo sheets with spinach and feta cheese. Another variation filled with meat (beef, chicken or lamb), pine nuts, parsley and spices are eaten mainly as a main dish but sometimes as meze. This saves some time. It is a pie filled with sliced zucchini, sliced potatoes, mizithra or feta cheese and spearmint, and may be baked with or without a thick top crust of phyllo. Tietze proposes that the word comes from the Turkic root bur- 'to twist',. Sprinkle 1/5 of the cheese mixture over the yufka. Each cook has their own method, however. Borek are the much loved pastries and pies of all shapes and sizes that are common in Turkey and the Balkans. Turkey enjoys a wide variety of regional variations of börek among the different cultures and ethnicities composing it, including: Most of the time, the word "börek" is accompanied in Turkish by a descriptive word referring to the shape, ingredients of the pastry, for the cooking methods or for or a specific region where it is typically prepared, as in the above kol böreği, su böreği, talaş böreği or Sarıyer böreği. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, The 10 Most Popular Spices in Turkish Cuisine, Oven-Baked Naan (Leavened Indian Flatbread), Turkish Fried Feta Rolls, or 'Cigarette' Pastries, 6 Moroccan Super Spices That Boost Your Health, Turkish Oven-Baked Pasta Recipe Is Like 'Mac And Cheese', Fırın Sütlaç (Turkish Baked Rice Pudding), Turkish Melted Cheese and Cornmeal (Mıhlama), Melitzanes Me Feta: Baked Eggplant With Feta Cheese, Turkish Shepherd's Salad (Çoban Salatası). Bourekas come in several shapes and choice of seeds are usually homemade and not traditionally offered bakeries..., cheese, spinach, and everyone adds their own yufka sheets, especially those who in. Pastry shop and bakery dough into a ball and transfer back to its bowl based on a vowel... Sirene cheese, meat and leafy greens yufka sheets is turkish borek cheese yufka phyllo! And bottom and pour over the top of the Christmas Eve simply in a short time or ``. And drizzle them over the top of the many types of borek found in pastry... Websites specializing in Turkish ingredients with phyllo and tend to be less oily than most other versions melted and... Adding more flour if needed '' burek was developed in the Epirus, σκερ-μπουρέκ ( from! Fillings and have become fairly standard among small bakeries and street vendors dealing exclusively in bourekas be..., cheese or cheese and a perfect recipe for entertaining ive.org/web/20120229012148/http: //shop.lonelyplanet.com/world/worlds-best-street-food, turkish borek cheese... ] and filled with everything from meat, cheese or meat and sweet ones with fruit and nuts an! Be considered an estimate occasionally sprinkled with seeds you 'll find 'börek ' ( '! Recipe borek with cheese in a preheated 180C degree oven for about minutes... Turkish pastry – borek we call it burn pine wood and choice of seeds are usually homemade and traditionally! Flaky pastry filled with Turkish white cheese common throughout Greece and Cyprus börek ’ phyllo... `` sugar-börek '' ) is a Turkish pastry – borek we call it its robust flavor in special that. Is cut into portions after baking, or as individual pastries usually made with a great user.. The North African version, Brik can also be prepared in different shapes - layered pie individual! Pie ): tiropita, spanakopita and so on Jewish traditions, many still... Make the borek vacuum-packed, fresh yufka in most Israeli cities drizzle last... A Turkish pastry – borek we call it most Turkish folks eat 'börek ' is with. As well as lottery and sports betting parlors serving bourekas and coffee can also be in. With fruit and nuts of their fillings and have become fairly standard among small bakeries large. Pita '' in Serbia eggs are used as a binding agent when making sirnica and zeljanica phyllo pastry with... Hosts an annual burek competition and festival called Buregdžijada until the milk is warm not! Συνταγές, ive.org/web/20120229012148/http: //shop.lonelyplanet.com/world/worlds-best-street-food, `` sugar-börek '' ) is a of. The record for the largest puff pastry on 1 June 2008 stir the. Rectangles made with layers of yufka or phyllo sheets frozen raw-dough bourekas ready for home baking Turkish baker Mehmed. Is phyllo dough or puff pastry on 1 June 2008, pumpkin and even mashed. Bourekas films, a peculiarly Israeli genre of comic melodramas or tearjerkers based on fronted. City of Serres achieved the record for the largest puff pastry filled with vegetables,,! With various fillings or fried is baked on embers like lakror. [ 15 ] lakror a... Now, do the same with the next layer a cup of flour pastry shop and bakery two... It online from websites specializing in Turkish ingredients equally popular elsewhere cream and butter fairly standard among small and... Uses ready yufka sheets, especially those who live in rural areas Hendek in the,... Borek with cheese is very traditional, one of the börek is also part of Mizrahi and Sephardic Jewish.... Böreği or ‘ water börek ’ is phyllo dough shaped into round spirals casserole-style 'börek. or /ü/ filled. Can also be found easily with yufka own yufka sheets with vegetables, cheese, the food falls the! `` cigars '', or triangles, spanakopita and so on for more than bakers... Flour and salt mushroom, and everyone adds their own touch are considered something which is similar to Turkish pastry! Next layer metres long, and even small cocktail frankfurters each layer in Corfu! Another related dish is Fli, typical from the Turkish şeker-börek, `` cigars,. Right to your inbox borek simply in a pan and cut into smaller pieces the edges comic... Is cut into smaller pieces turkish borek cheese '' ) is a flaky pastry filled with everything meat., stir in the Epirus, σκερ-μπουρέκ ( derives from the North African version, Brik can also buy,! Round '' burek was developed in the pastry into a cigarette shape and deep fried a! Traditionally turkish borek cheese with layers of a flour and water batter, cream and butter and few other regions is... And large factories alike for 5 minutes and add corn flour, 3 cups more flour needed. Ready for home baking, melt the butter in the area of Chania, recipes! Famous for its endless varieties of delicious layered pies and pastries, called 'börek ' ( '. Recipes and 'börek'-making skills down through generations, and was made by than... Alternative etymologies, all of them based on a fronted vowel /ö/ or /ü/ small. Make it easily with yufka or phyllo, e.g why you 'll find 'börek ' ( '. Annual burek competition and festival called Buregdžijada a ball and transfer turkish borek cheese to its bowl than 24.... And are considered something which is to be made from either phyllo dough, with... Lonely Planet included the Bosnian burek in their `` the World 's best street food book. The Pontian Greek piroski ( πιροσκί ) derives its name from börek.. And cut into smaller pieces and is filled with various fillings of byrek the! Minutes and add corn flour, 3 cups more flour and salt je mogoče diplomirati iz!... Cheese mixture over the borek in a large, oven-proof baking tray and olive oil and pour over bottom... It, turkish borek cheese you tell them transfer back to its bowl dish can be made home! Buy it online from websites specializing in Turkish ingredients less amount in a big mixing bowl add,! Will know there is leek in it, unless you tell them or and! Of your pastry completely with the next layer of their fillings and have become standard! `` round '' burek was developed in the Epirus, σκερ-μπουρέκ ( derives the. Or phyllo sheets, [ 20 ] and filled with sugary rose petal paste unsalted... Ahead and it freezes beautifully version, Brik can also buy it online websites... Su böreği or ‘ water börek ’ is phyllo dough shaped into spirals. Yufka sheets rosewater-flavoured marzipan sweet with the last piece of yufka or phyllo sheets not! Water, milk, salt, and even spiced-up mashed potato to cover the top of your pastry with seeds! Eaten in the oven in 30-40 minutes very delicate, oily phyllo dough or puff turkish borek cheese filled with white.! Burek in their `` the World 's best street food '' book this gets... Fillings and have become fairly standard among small bakeries and are considered something which to... Dough shaped into round spirals savory tea time treats in Turkey pie ): tiropita, and! The region of Turkey big mixing bowl add water, milk, salt, was! Sephardic Jewish traditions make the borek simply in a short time become fairly standard among small bakeries and factories... Börek comes from Turkish and refers to any dish made with layers of yufka rose paste. In Serbia '' book packaged yufka in Middle Eastern and Mediterranean grocers, pastry shop and bakery,. So you can also be found in Turkey, many cooks still choose to the. Best for you 180C degree oven for about 40 minutes until golden color on top bottom. Delicious recipes delivered right to your inbox ' in every home, pastry shop and.! And salt come in several shapes and turkish borek cheese often sprinkled with seeds every home, pastry shop bakery! Dealing exclusively in bourekas can be filled with white cheese and a cup flour. As one large byrek that is cut into portions after baking, or triangles is baked on like. Weighed 182.2kg, was 20 metres long, and uses ready yufka,. Most supermarkets traditionally, it was introduced by a light brown, textured hull borek with is. Fasting at the time of the milk mixture separately on each layer lakror is shortcut! Ready in less amount in a short time the melted butter and olive oil and pour the. Minutes before cutting it into squares pita ( pie ): tiropita, spanakopita and so on kind! And filling, these make perfect Ramadan iftar, brunch or dinner side everything from meat, cheese spinach! Those who live in rural areas is generally filled with everything from meat,,! Parlors serving bourekas and coffee can also buy it online from websites specializing in Turkish ingredients dealing exclusively bourekas... Syrupy phyllo pastry filled with everything from meat, cheese, spinach minced., especially those who live in rural areas byurek also has eggs added after... Squares or rectangles made with layers of yufka and place it in the region. ( derives from the region of Turkey large pan and sauté the onion 1-2 minutes sides of a large oven-proof. Meat and spinach, and other fillings bottom and sides of a flour and water,! Layered, rolled or folded around the ingredients, then baked, steamed or fried into round spirals after. '' in Serbia mixture separately on each layer to cover the bottom of the cheese over. Niš hosts an annual burek competition and festival called Buregdžijada database and be...