When the Commissioners began the restoration of the CBD, they consulted the Napier Reconstruction Committee, an organisation with representatives from local authorities, business and the professions, whose job was to investigate numerous reconstruction needs. Fire broke out shortly after in the townships of Napier and Hastings destroying what the earthquake had not. People ran down On February 3, 1931 the peaceful tranquillity of New Zealand's Hawkes Bay region was shattered when the area was struck by the worst earthquake … The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on Tuesday 3 February 1931, killing 256 and devastating the Hawke's Bay region.It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. On the morning of 3 February 1931, the air 'had grown still and oppressive' and the sea was 'so calm and still' and a 'most peculiar colour', so much that everyone was talking about it (Wright, 2001). 1. The shock brought down … It woke me up it was an alarm clock for Napier today." Able-bodied men were required to stay to help with searches, demolition and clean-up work. Meanwhile, fires started in two chemist shops on Hastings Street - those of W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson. It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster.Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 M s (magnitude 7.9 M w).There were 525 aftershocks recorded in the … At 10.47am, 85 years ago today (3 February 1931) a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the bustling city of Napier, and surrounding areas, in Hawke's Bay. April 8, 1931. No work was too dangerous for the "bluejackets". A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. The convoy was comprised of 4 officers and 27 men with 500 bell tents, 12,680 blankets, and equipment to set up a field kitchen able to cater for 1000 people in Nelson Park. Dec 12, 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the 1931 Hawke's Bay Earthquake. Some of the bios below were taken from this site The official death toll was 256 people who died in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake but there are 258 names on the memorial and this unofficial number is likely to be correct - 161 in Napier NAPIER EARTHQUAKE 1931. Surface deformation accompanying the earthquake resulted in a >90 km long, 17 km wide asymmetric dome trending northeast and extending from southwest of Hastings to northeast of the Mohaka River … ... “Only a little one” said Mr. Roach, who was now getting used to the quakes which always follow a big earthquake. Aftershocks made such efforts dangerous, and some rescuers were killed or injured as more buildings collapsed. That same year the landmark Temperance & General (T&G) Insurance Company building was constructed on the corner of Emerson Street and Marine Parade. 5. The Earthquake. A member of a well known Newcastle family, Mr. Frank Logan, who for nearly 50 years has been in practice as a solicitor in Napier, N.Z., is among the sufferers by the recent earthquake disaster. But it was different for people nearby in Hastings and Napier. The earthquake ultimately had some positive outcomes: the 2.7-m uplift drained much of Ahuriri Lagoon, making land available for farms, industry, housing and Napier Airport; and much of central Napier was rebuilt in an art deco style which would begin to attract tourists half a century later. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). On February 3, 1931, an earthquake centred near coastal Aropaoanui, 12km north of Napier, turned Hawkes Bay into a virtual war zone. Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. Letter from Frank Logan to Newcastle post the earthquake. January 1933 saw the whole town celebrating its revival with the "New Napier Week Carnival". Portions of the information and material on this site, including data, pages, documents, online What is 161? the earth heaved upwards and swayed (McGregor, 1998). The M s 7.8 Hawke's Bay earthquake of 1931 February 3 (New Zealand local time) was felt throughout most of New Zealand andcaused extensive damage at Napier, Hastings, and throughout Hawke's Bay. In the years leading up to the outbreak of WWII, the Napier Thirty Thousand Club played a leading role in the development of Marine Parade, raising funds for the Sound Shell, the outer Colonnade, the skating rink and the Memorial Arches. Napier's 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was safe to return. With Napier’s hospitals badly damaged and unusable, medical authorities set up makeshift surgeries at the botanical gardens and Hastings and Napier Park racecourses. Effects On The People Effects On New Zealand's most devastating earthquake killed more than 250 and destroyed Napier and Hastings in February 1931. We mourn the passing of Mr Robinson on Xmas day 2010. In some buildings the internal floors pulled free of the swaying walls, collapsing inward in a jumble of girders, wood and plaster. The Army also arrived reaching Napier slightly before the Navy. The HMS Veronica had just tied up in Napier’s inner harbor when the earthquake hit. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Botanical Gardens and other Napier gardens, Marine Parade Outfall and Viewing Platform, Marewa Shopping Centre Safety Improvements, Tamatea/Parklands Controlled Water Area (CWA), Te Puawaitanga – Green Communities Together Fund, Support for homeowners affected by COVID-19, District Plan Review Discussion Documents. At almost 10:47a.m. Another similar block, housing the Associated Banks, was built on the gardens adjacent to St Patrick's Church (McGregor, 1998). Many of the deaths were caused by fallen parapets and ornamental features as people rushed out through the doorways onto the street (McGregor, 1998). Water was collected from Artesian wells in Mclean Park. Two naval cruisers arrived from Auckland on the 4th with medical personnel and supplies. Erected by the Fletcher Construction Company, and popularly referred to as Tin Town, the extensive corrugated iron complex opened on 16 March 1931. By March 1932, nineteen new shops in Hastings Street and Tennyson Street were ready for occupation. Nine students died in the wreckage of Napier Technical College and seven at the Marist Seminary in Greenmeadows. A communal burial of the Napier victims took place on Thursday 5 February at Park Island Cemetery near Greenmeadows (McGregor, 1998) and, on the following Sunday, a Dominion wide "Day of Mourning" was declared (Wright, 2001). The official death toll was 256. (closes 28 February 2021), Public Notice of Application Resource Consent, Rates Remission for flood affected ratepayers. Refugee camps were created around the North Island for women and children, who were encouraged to leave the region. 3. The napier earthquake is a big part of new zealands history being the largest disaster in new zealands history taking the lifes of 258 people living in napier and the sorounding areas at the time. After the earthquake all buildings in Napier were required to have such verandas in order to keep the street kerbs clear of obstructions (Campbell, 1975:149). Opened at McLean Park by the Governor General, Lord Bledisloe, the carnival's events included band contests, processions, race meetings and bowling tournaments (Campbell, 1975). Buildings fell down and people were crushed. On the same day the army set up a tent camp for 2500 people. Douglas Robinson -1931 Napier Earthquake Memories. In Na… In Napier and Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals (McGregor, 1998). Napier is a popular tourist city, with a unique concentration of 1930s Art Deco architecture, built after much of the city was razed in the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). The conditions were favourable for the spread of fire in that it was a hot, fine day following a dry spell of weather. Fifteen died at an old men’s home near Taradale, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the rubble three days later. 200. On February 3rd, 1931, Ruth McNab and the children . One council was replaced by commissioners and the other stuck with its elected members. The city was rebuilt in art deco style – now a major tourist drawcard. The wind had also shifted from a westerly (off-shore) to an easterly which sent the flames roaring up Hastings Street towards the Hill (H.B. It was a typical summer morning in this town noted for its long hours of sunshine. Commander H. L. Morgan was informed on the King’s Birthday, June 3rd 1931, that he had been made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, in recognition of his services at the Napier earthquake. The HMS Veronicahad just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit. From these shops the fire spread into adjoining buildings, and by mid afternoon, the town was completely ablaze. Food depots were set up in Napier at Carlyle Street school; the Hastings Street school; Miss Beharrell's school on Bluff Hill; on Napier Terrace and at Ahuriri. When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake. It wasn't until that afternoon that the fires finally died out and the destruction could be assessed (McGregor, 1998). Barrells located in prominent places were kept filled for householders who collected water in jugs and buckets (Shaw & Hallett, 1987). The Napier Earthquake Of 1931 The Napier Earthquake of 1931.Learn about the worst earthquake in New zealand's history and it's grisly toll. On 17 February, a moratorium was placed on the rebuilding of any business premises until further notice, in order to allow time for the rational planning of a new CBD for Napier (McGregor, 1998). Shortly after 10.45am on Tuesday the 3rd February 1931 an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale struck the Hawke's Bay area on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. Energies roughly equal to the detonation of 100 million tonnes of TNT was channelled down a moving slab of landscape - a 'rupture zone' - that ran directly below Napier and southwest across the Heretaunga plains. A huge piece of land that . Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 Ms (magnitude 7.9 Mw). The street with the most "outstanding example of movement" was Georges Drive (ibid.). We have 8 articles, related to Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. 200. 215 Hastings Street Napier 4110Private Bag 6010 Napier 4142Disclaimers | Copyright | Privacy, Napier City Council - Copyright © 2020 Napier City Council, Disclaimers and Copyright Just days before the opening of Tin Town, retired magistrate John S. Barton and retired engineer Lachlan B. Campbell, formerly of the Public Works Department, were appointed Commissioners of Napier with the task of restoring services (Wright, 2001). Erected "in record time", it was the first of the temporary buildings to appear in Napier after the earthquake (Campbell, 1975). Two and a half minutes after the first shock it was over. "The replacement or re-establishment of public, private or government institutions or departments, businesses [and] industries street widening, town planning, building [locations and] architectural design" (Campbell, 1975:149). … While every endeavour has been taken by the Napier City Council to ensure that the information on this website is - Before and After). They acted as firemen, took part in demolition work, cooked meals for refugees, were food distributors, water carriers, tractor drivers, bullion guards, policeman, searched for the dead and carried bodies to the morgues, carried out sanitation work, and even acted as nurses in the hospitals. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). In addition to these efforts, the officers and men of the NZ Naval Squadron also made a generous donation subscribing to a special relief fund in the amount of £530 (H.B. The official toll for the Hawke's Bay earthquake was 256 dead (including 162 in Napier), 2 unaccounted for, and 400 hospitalised (McGregor, 1998). Another witness, looking up Emerson Street the following morning, noted that all one could see "was a vast ruin, with people everywhere looking at the destruction. One of its most notable features was its overhanging veranda, the first of its kind in the town. © Napier City Council - www.napier.govt.nz / +64 6 835 7579 / info@napier.govt.nz, New or Renewal Managers Certificate Application, Inscription in Wharerangi Book of Remembrance, Safe Routes to School – Hill Intersections (closes 24 December 2020), Napier's Parks & Reserves - Tell us what you think! 2. The noise was compared to that of 'an express train' (Wright, 2001). Consequently, many businessmen, already bound by heavy pre-quake mortgages found themselves unable to rebuild (McGregor, 1998). Then, half a minute of calm and another violent shock with a downward movement, and more swaying and rocking (McGregor, 1998). The cities that were worst effected included Napier and Hastings. On this calm Tuesday morning in Hawke's Bay, the region was rocked by a devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that violently shook for three minutes. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). These strictly monitored loans were, however, generally too small to meet building costs, let alone the expense of fittings and new stock. Designed by Natusch and Son and approved in December 1930, it would have been built regardless of the disaster (Wright, 2001). These sites show how the landscape of the region has been forever altered. Image: LEARNZ. Small service lanes running "up the back of city blocks" (NCC 138) provided off-street loading zones and a location for "sewers and stormwater services" (ibid.). Four months later, Barton promised that 130 shops would be ready by the end of the year and requested that businesses in Tin Town be ready to leave their temporary premises as soon as new ones were made available. Roofs caved in on buildings that had large open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. The official death toll for the Hawke’s Bay earthquake is 256 (161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, two in Wairoa). In Napier, the 60-year-old wooden courthouse (now Department of Conservation) on Marine Parade was pressed into service as a temporary morgue (Wright, 2001). HAWKE'S BAY EARTHQUAKE TUESDAY 03 FEBRUARY 1931 NAPIER, HAWKE'S BAY, NEW ZEALAND. Bridges and railway lines were broken and bent. Some of the information available in this site is from the New Zealand Public domain and supplied by relevant Built in 1929, the two-storey bungalow that survived the 1931 Napier earthquake was left dangerously close to the edge of a large, muddy bank. Napier Earthquake 1931 The Napier earthquake occurred at 10:47am on Tuesday, 3 February 1931. EARTHQUAKE-SHATTERED NAPIER TO BE REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN IN THE HAWKE’S BAY CAPITAL LAST WEEK. The 8.3 magnitude Hawke's Bay Earthquake hits New Zealand on February 3rd at 10:47 AM. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Nevertheless, it gave me a feeling of insecurity and a peculiar sickening sensation which must be experienced to be understood. 1931 Earthquake At 10:47am on 3 February 1931, the hands of the clock on the band rotunda in Napier stopped turning. With the water supply already disrupted by the earthquake, the Fire Brigade was rendered virtually powerless, despite earnest attempts to bring water from the sea (McGregor, 1998). On 8 April The Hawke's Bay Earthquake Act was passed, providing statutory assistance to the region (Wright, 2001). On 4 February a planned evacuation began. Alvin looks at old sea shells that were once underwater before being uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. Radio messages were relayed to the outside world via the Devonport Naval Base, which responded immediately by sending HMSS Dunedin and Diomede from Auckland to provide assistance. How big and how long did the earthquake last for? Having been impressed by a coloured fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Tom Parker donated a similar one which was completed in December 1936. Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. - Before and After). Napier's recovery continued with the completion of the first wing of the Hawke's Bay Museum, in 1937, and the opening of the new Municipal Theatre the following year. Of those who were allotted places, some were less than happy with their positioning. 4. When did the eathquake happen and what was the population. Transcript. The Napier 'quake killed at least 256 people, and the city was largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire. The setting up of emergency services was greatly assisted by seamen from HMS Veronica, moored at West Quay at the time of the earthquake. As Napier's largest building it stood as a symbol, not only for the region's recovery from the earthquake but also from the great depression itself (Campbell, 1975; McGregor, 1998). Together with Borough Council funds, the club contributed to the Sunbay, or seaward Colonnade, where the bell of the H.M.S. 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